Issuers Definition and Steps to Assess Securities Offerings

Issuers are a component in the world of stock investment and capital markets. This term refers to private or government. They offer securities to the public in order to obtain capital or funds.

Issuers have always been a hot topic of discussion among entrepreneurs and investors. For novice investors, it is necessary to understand this term in order to further increase their knowledge and abilities in stock investing. Here’s the explanation.

What is an Issuer?

Issuers are parties seeking capital assistance on the stock exchange. The offer in question is to sell the stock to the public in accordance with the prevailing laws and regulations.

Issuers can be individuals, entities, institutions, companies, associations, or other organized groups. What products does the issuer offer? It can be in the form of stocks, bonds, debt securities, commercialized securities, proof of debt, contracts for securities, and others.

Securities can also be in the form of sharia, namely sukuk securities. The contract and the method of issuance are managed according to sharia principles in the capital market. In general, issuers bid securities through the capital market for bonds, sukuk, and stocks.

Issuers can be in the form of SOEs, public companies, closed companies, or private companies. However, not all of them have issuer status. The so-called companies with the status of issuers only offer their securities on the stock exchange.

According to the OJK (Financial Services Authority) statement, companies with issuer status must have at least 300 shareholders and a minimum invested capital of IDR 3 billion. Therefore, there is a significant comparison between issuers and the public.

The difference is that the issuer company runs an initial public offering (IPO or initial public offering ). Meanwhile, a public company with the status of a limited liability company (LLC) has carried out an IPO.

Effect Type

Furthermore, the types of securities traded by the issuer will be explained. Some of them are bonds, stocks, and mutual funds. Here’s the explanation.

Corporate Bonds

Another term for corporate bonds is medium-long term debentures. Ownership is transferable. Usually these bonds are owned by government.

The contents of this letter are that the company promises to pay interest within the specified period and pay off the principal debt at the specified maturity.

Mutual Fund

Mutual funds are generally of interest to small investors and are not very skilled in the field of investment risk. They are expected to take part in the capital market in the country.

Mutual funds are a place to collect money from investors. Furthermore, the funds are invested in the securities portfolio by the investment manager.


Shares are proof of ownership of a company or business entity. Shares are also proof of the company’s equity participation.

Owning shares means being part of the owner of the company. Stocks are also often called securities because they signify legal ownership of the company.


Derivatives are contracts in financial terms that involve two or more parties. The profit value is related to other assets (underlying assets).

Derivatives have special derivative securities, in the form of investments or debts. Derivative effects mean derivatives of the main effect and the after effects that occur.


Exchange Trade Funds (ETFs) are more or less similar to mutual funds. ETFs provide a collective investment platform. The funds are used to invest and trade securities.

At first glance, ETFs are like a combination of mutual funds. The management and mechanism of buying and selling shares is similar to mutual funds.

Also read: Is it better for beginners to invest in Equity or Stock Mutual Funds?

Reasons for the Company to Become an Issuer

Companies or individuals can turn into issuers. However, not all companies are called issuers.

It depends on the company that wants to be an issuer. There are several common reasons companies become issuers.

Debt Funding

Debt financing can be the reason companies issue issuers. Companies can obtain capital or debt by offering bonds.

This means that the company borrows public capital for smooth operations and guarantees it with securities.

Equity Funding

Equity financing is the offering of company ownership rights to investors. In this case, the issuer benefits. They receive fresh capital without the need to return the money and interest.


The company has a purpose in selling its securities. Starting from expansion to wanting to improve the capital structure. Here’s the explanation.

Business Expansion

The capital obtained from selling securities is used to expand the business of the company. Expansion can be done in the form of expanding market reach, production capability, paying debts, and others.

Improve Capital Structure

Funds obtained from selling securities are used to stabilize their capital balance, namely between foreign capital (debt) and personal capital.

Improving Shareholder Structure

Selling securities can also aim to improve the shareholder structure. This is done by transferring share ownership from the old holders to the new ones.


Before a company or individual becomes an issuer, it must meet the requirements first. You can’t just turn into an issuer.

The first requirement is to issue securities to be sold to investors on the stock exchange floor. The goal is to get an injection of fresh funds.

Second, the company must be legally clean. He must also have a good reputation in society.

Third, the issuer of the issuer must ensure that the securities are legally valid. Finally, the issuer is the main source of information. Therefore, the issuer is responsible for the information published.

Steps to Assess Securities Offer

Assessing initial securities offerings by issuers is not easy. Pay attention to the following steps before you decide to buy securities.

1. Company Fundamentals

Pay attention and learn company fundamentals. Look how the prospectus is. You can view the issuer’s financial statements. In it there are risks and opportunities for investors and companies.

2. Other Related Sectors

Research companies or other sectors related to the issuer. Check whether other groups or sectors have the same prospects in the future.

You can analyze macro-economically. This is important to do to find out the prospect of securities sold by the issuer company.

3. Company Underwriter

Research companies that provide emission guarantees for companies. Always choose a company that has a good reputation and is well known. Find out the history of the underwriting company.

This is an explanation of the issuer and the purchase of securities. If you are interested in buying securities, you should pay attention to several things before executing a transaction, as described above.

If you want to buy securities, it’s best to investigate first. You can find out by checking on official sites such as OJK. Hope it is useful.

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